In the margins of the presidential election in the United States, five states have legalized cannabis for recreational purposes, while four others have authorized medical use. After a tough presidential campaign between Democrat Hillary Clinton and Republican Donald Trump , the second got the majority of “electoral votes” needed to prevail . But on that day, 8th of November, the Americans not only voted for their “big voters.” They also voted in nine states on legalizing the consumption of cannabis as a recreational or medical basis.
If the possession, consumption, transportation and sale of cannabis remains prohibited at the federal level, many states have relaxed their laws in the early 2000. The petitions system is partly responsible: by collecting enough signatures, voters have the opportunity to add some referendums in the presidential election program. Thus voters in five states (Arizona, California, Maine, Massachusetts and Nevada) had to decide on the authorization of cannabis for recreational purposes. All adopted it, except Arizona, which rejected the proposal at 52%. Legalization which now allows Californians over 21 years to buy up to 28.5 grams of cannabis, but also cultivate marijuana plants.
Less controversial, the medical authorization of cannabis was validated in four new states (Arkansas, North Dakota, Florida and Montana). Almost half of the US states currently authorize the use of cannabis for medical purposes, although there are various restrictions (ban on sale, authorization to use only cannabis oils that are low in active substances, etc.).
The share of the population with access to the purchase of cannabis for recreational purposes rises from more than 3% of the American population (Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington) to almost 19%.